PHOTO: President John Magufuli

It is quite unfortunate that circumstance, in as much as it is central in defining events, is quite quickly forgotten or easily overlooked when discussing the same events in hindsight in our society.

It is for this reason that my take on Magufuli's 100days chooses to draw focus on the circumstance presented given our unique political context and what this means in assessing his presidency.

Every President in this country has been propelled to the top by unique circumstances that are often informed by the type of president we want or need at the time. Understanding the circumstance helps us understand the person but more importantly understanding the person helps us understand the way they will deal with circumstances as they happen to change.

Mwalimu was a product of the independence movement to topple colonial rulers across the continent; where Mwinyi was a product of the social economic forces compelling us to transition from 'ujamaa' to whatever would come next and Mkapa was arguably the product of transformations merited by what seemed to be an ill-fated transition.

The circumstances around Kikwetes regime and that of Magufuli's are in many ways linked.

The past 15years (2000 - 2015) have been characterized primarily by a power struggle within the ruling party - CCM. Power struggles aren't foreign to the ruling party as one would expect. But quite unlike the power struggles of 15yrs before this (1985 - 2000), where Mwalimu's ideology and beliefs were being challenged; this new struggle was being fueled by the need to gain control over the treasure trove literally left untouched by Mwalimu Nyerere resulting from the reforms undertaken by Mkapa. This only served to disempower the people and empower the opposition.

As soon as Tanzania achieved inroads into our unique form of 'capitalism', it seems all gloves went off. In as much as Mwinyi's regime (1985 - 1995) tantalized our thirst for wealth as a people, it was really Mkapa's regime (1995 - 2005) that raised the stakes and made our latent economy worth fighting over.

From focusing on building a nation, we found ourselves focusing on how to use the wealth of this nation to build ourselves and our interest groups (famously dubbed mitandaos). Instead of nation before self, it was self before nation even if it meant sacrificing the nation itself it seemed at times.

It can be argued that since then there has been more focus on amassing wealth to gain access to and to defend ones hold on this illusive thing called power rather than actually developing the country.

The culmination of this power struggle was the epic standoff between the vying centers of power that saw Hon Edward Ngoyai Lowasa, Tanzania's most politically influential person after the then sitting President, part ways with CCM after failing to clinch the party's nomination propelling Magufuli to the fore in a surprise twist to one of the longest running power stand offs in the party's history.

During Magufuli's campaign last year, the biggest reservation amongst naysayers of CCM retaining power was his ability to withstand the temptations, if not, entrapments of the centers of power that had/have high-jacked the ruling party over the last decade and a half.

Over his first 100days Magufuli has succeeded, very much like he did during his campaign, to demonstrate that he can stand his own ground in the face of potential establishment resistance. Taking unilateral decisions on several issues, some of which put the ruling party and its cronies in bad shade, has been definitive of his type of presidency.

Failing to find significant fault in his first 100days in office as he successfully defused this main polling concern; pundits have been quick to throw daggers at his personality labeling him a dictator and questioning how sustainable his methods will be in a country that desires change but isn't always willing to swallow the bitter pill that comes before it. As if to say Magufuli was someone else before he assumed the office of President?

Circumstance may define events and pave the way for leaders to assume power but these leaders will almost always have qualities that outlive even the circumstance that brought them into power. Here, the adage of 'you can take the man out of the village but you cannot take the village out of the man' may hold some ground.

At most you see two aspects of a person when in power: 1) when they are on the offensive and 2) when on the defensive (as a result of confronting a threat). But at the end the person will retain certain qualities that are characteristic of who they are, irrespective of the changing circumstance.

Nyerere was forever the philosopher whether on the offensive or defensive. Mwinyi was forever the free spirit whether on the offensive or on the defensive. And as still waters run deep, Mkapa was forever cool whether on the offensive or on the defensive. Kikwete was forever the diplomat whether on the offensive or defensive. So likewise, Magufuli, I believe I s the expected pragmatist who inspired the 'hapa kazi tu' slogan whether on the offensive or on the defensive.

Success in leadership requires that you be clear in what you are doing given the circumstance and act even if you are not sure of the consequences resulting and that you are authentic and remain true to yourself enough to accept both your weaknesses and strengths.

Magufuli has been this type of leader.

Some of these people would rather him to be a philosopher Nyerere and offer some ideological framework that will solve Tanzania's problems or a free spirited Mwinyi and watch on in the hope that things will get better simply by the will of the people he appointed or a cool Mkapa and not let his emotions show in public or even a very diplomatic Kikwete and spring onto the next internal or regional conflict mediating peace. But a pragmatic Magufuli is what we voted for and he is doing exactly what he has done best for more than 20years of his political career. He is by all measures no less or more the person he was under the circumstances that propelled him to this top most position.

It is my belief that he will accept both his strengths and weaknesses and adapt them accordingly leveraging this interesting circumstance he finds himself in, where for the first time in many years the power struggle may actually have nation building and development at focus.

So has Magufuli changed? No, but our circumstance surely has!

So take it or leave it, that's Magavilla's Take!

BY: COSTANTINE MAGAVILLA-Dar es Salaam, Tanzania


 He has evolved from a young child in the streets of Dar es Salaam, to a lyrical giant who sees nothing else than Work Ethic and Dedication as being the keys to success. After years of commitment and dedication to his craft, Wakazi is poised to become Tanzania’s leading Ambassador in Africa and in the Music World. His signature Blend of English and Swahili rhymes caused him to be dubbed the “Bilingual Beast”, but his ability to tell a story and clever use of wordplay and metaphors, seem to be his real Strength. His ability to create context for the listeners is unparalleled, and he credits that to his personal life experiences as well as his imaginative part of the brain, which is sometimes more vivid than life itself. Wakazi has set the platform with which his dreams could be fulfilled. The sky is the limit for this TZee Emcee.
 Seif Kabelele: How are you?
Wakazi: I'm  very good sir. I feel blessed, so it's a good thing, good feel. God is wonderful

Seif Kabelele: How did the video for 'SUMU YA PANYA ' come about? It has a very strong aesthetic.
Wakazi: Yeah I am very pleased with the way the video turned out. We wanted to capture Dar City in a way it has never been captured before with the day to day street hustle as well as the beauty of the city that also exhibits it's growth. Hefemi, the director, did a wonderful job. We shot it in Mnazi Mmoja, Kariakoo Shimoni and at Samora Avenue in downtown. We did early morning shoots and evening shoots. And it was nice for us to be able to include the actual Sumu ya Panya vendors in the video as well.

Seif Kabelele: How much input do you have into the video?
Wakazi: Normally everytime I work with hefemi, we treat the project as a collaborative creative work. I tell him what I have in mind, he creates his ideas from listening to the song, and the last process is to find a way to meet so the ideas can jell together. No matter how much of input I have on the video, he still dictates the final version since he has more knowledge on film, cinematography and effects so he knows what works best. But yeah I have a lot of influence in the creative process.

Seif Kabelele: So when you’re recording an album, do you approach it as if it could be your last? Every record should provide a fitting legacy...
Wakazi: Infact it is the other way around. I approach  each project as if it's my first. That way, I  can maintain the edge and urge of wanting to prove something to the masses. They say the first album of an artist is always the best, so I want to embody that throughout my career so that everytime I come with new material it can still feel like it's the first time which is pure, raw, fresh and groundbreaking.

Seif Kabelele: Do you feel exposed as an artist putting your emotions out there for people to dissect and experience?

Wakazi: To a certain degree yes you would feel exposed, but mind you, you really don't have to put all your emotions and feelings but rather control the level of personal life you give out. But on the other hand, as an artist you are mirroring the society so the emotions and feelings don't have to be personal but rather of someone you happen to know. It is necessary to express these Situations because through music people get healed, get redemption, find therapy and  find closure. So as long as it is for the better of the community it's all good.
 Seif Kabelele: Anyone you’d really like to collaborate with?

Wakazi: I have a list of artist both locally and internationally that I would love to work with. It's a very long list and hopefully someday I will accomplish it. There are some whom I am already in the process of working with but I can't reveal now. And to be honest I'm open to work with anybody who has the same values as me as far as the music is concerned and they value work ethic, they are dedicated and things of that nature. A dream collabo would be with people like Nas, Eminem, Wu Tang, Hashim Dogo, Chidinma, M.I, Kidum, Heather Headley, R Kelly, Enika, Bamboo, Antoneosoul, the list goes on....
Seif Kabelele: You’re quite outspoken on certain subjects alongside other artists like Fid Q, Professor Jay  etc. and willing to stand up and say what you believe in? Is it an artistic responsibility?

Wakazi: Yes it is an artistic responsibility but also upbringing, social belief and personal preference all mixed together. We are the voices of the voiceless, we are the hope of the hopeless. We are the leaders although we are not elected nor appointed, which means we are the true leaders cause we assumed responsibilities unforced. The minute we lie to our people or we get scared to stand up for our people, it's the minute we as a community will start to die slowly. And knowing the power that we possess, it's mandatory to be socially responsible. 

Seif Kabelele: Do you ever worry that the video becomes synonymous with the song? A track like 'TOUCH'  I can’t hear that without seeing the video in my head.
Wakazi: As an artist one of our job if not the only job, is to create context with which the listeners can think and later create images and pictures that mirror the music. When we shoot visuals for the songs, we actually help you as a listener to get the picture we intended you to get. So it is not a worry but rather an accomplishment. And for the songs we don't shoot videos for, we are leaving your imagination to do the magic.

Seif Kabelele: When you were growing up, was music an important part of your life?

Wakazi: Music has been very important element in my life. Infact it has been so important to a point of me actually wanting to do nothing else but music, hence becoming an artist. Every childhood memory I can think off or remember is somehow some way related to music. Music marks time, and time is one of the basis of our whole existence. So you can imagine 

 Seif Kabelele: When you record do you keep it in mind how it will play out live?
Wakazi: It varies from record to record. There are certain songs that are meant to be played loud and some with low volume. Some songs are meant to be performed and some are to just be listened to so one can meditate through them. So yes I'm always aware of what I'm giving out and to whom I'm giving it to.

Seif Kabelele: Do you prefer playing large arena shows to small intimate ones?
Wakazi: That is a tricky situation. I can say it depends on what type on musical agenda I am pushing at that particular time. Intimate shows gives fans an opportunity to really dissect the music and gets to hear you well, while on the other hand if you can move the crowds, which is actually what an emcee is supposed to do, then you the man. There is no better feeling than hearing 60,000 plus people screaming you words!! That's the ultimate goal which shows that you are certified.

Seif Kabelele: Would you ever consider going into politics?
Well in my opinion we are already into politics so to speak. The music industry is full of politics that we are dealing with on a day to day basis.  So to transition to a political career won't be much of a change as it will be just "same script different cast". As artists we do air out feeling and opinion on several matters and these issues so as politicians are addressed directly to the people so we as artist can influence and bring about change without being formal official leaders. But I don't know what the future holds and what is written for me in the future but I can't say I am aspiring to become a politician 


He is Sagittarian brother from Kiwalani-Dar es salaam known as GEORGE KYOMUSHULA. Borned 29 years ago, is the one of the few brothers here in AFRICA whom was capable enough to go at the middle of the unknown place just to find himself after struggled enough to reach a path which could lead him to experience the meaning of life and the term fact of being a man whom will be in need in future to take care of his own family as a FATHER.

He was one of the peer age brother whom young folks like us we can learn a lot from him, George from mid class family found a bit about himself after he experience hard knock life style in Dar es salaam, soon after graduated secondary school, he enforced to look for a job so he can be able to handle his financial problems as a young man, and that was the beginning of a further step he started to take in order to reach the path of success, as a radical brother he expelled from the fine gig he had in Kilimanjaro International Airport where he got a job as a customer care in one of the well-known DUTY FREE SHOP right there in Kilimanjaro

He got the spirit due to the fact of hard knock life ,living broke with no job was bothering em a lot which led him got into crushes with his father, whom was after his feet often to force em to get outta of the hood to start look for a job, he did but things couldn’t work out the way supposed to be, so he seen to evacuate the harassment from his father whom was quiet rude to understand how hard to find a job even if it will be like the one with a form of plantation, I mean a job which the payment might be not be able to buy even a GIN, this young fella decided to join the local NGO in his neck of the wood (KIWALANI) the N.G.O was focusing on taking care the orphans and street  children, George decided to volunteer as a ENGLISH TEACHER of the those young kids, he did all that to avoid spending time at home work for nothing yet  his relationship and his father were no good cause of being useless at home for not having a job.

He did the volunteering for months and months while he was applying for a job into millions of companies though he didn’t even have qualifications, he did that cause he wanted to accomplish his goals and as we all know cash rules everything around us. He got a job, and he unluckily he messed it up for the fact of being so radical, worked with foreigners some of them takes an African people like KUNTA KINTE, and my boy George couldn’t take it…bang! Hangs blew up.
George in KIA half desert far from home, while pockets are still empty though he was living with his cousin called EVANCE whom was baling at that time cause he had fine job, this brother (George) once again took a risky for left the house of his cousin and get himself interior of ARUSHA village known IMBASENI VILLAGE after have a link with former EX CHAIRMAN OF BLACK PANTHER PARTY from KANSAS CITY CHAPTER..Black Panther Party was an Afro American party in early 60’s formed for the civil rights movement of Black People at that time...It was formed by HUEY P NEWTON and BOBBY SEALE, google about it BLACK PANTHER PARTY….let get going to our story.

George met  70years old man known as PETE O’NEAL who is living in exile at ARUSHA, Pete was former chairman of BLACK PANTHER PARTY in KANSAS CITY, these guys became friends and GEORGE decided to settle at Pete’s place there in rural village of Imbaseni-ARUSHA .Pete is a founder of Nonprofit Organization known UNITED AFRICAN ALLIANCE COMMUNITY CENTER, where became a new home of GEORGE KYOMUSHULA whom few months ago was struggling volunteering in DAR ES SALAAM back in 2008 just to stay away from the fact of known as JOBLESS.

As a coordinator of United African Alliance Community Center this young man had a close tie friend with 2Pac Shakur  Godfather whom was living with UAACC FAMILY in a same village there in ARUSHA, George was introduced to GERONIMO JI JAGGA whom was formed top leader of Black Panther Party in LOS ANGELS where Ji jagga sentenced 27 years in PRISON for the crime which he didn’t committed, Geronimo  Elmer Pratt as his second name decided to shift from U.S.A to ARUSHA Tanzania after won a case and found not guilty, he decided to shift in AFRICA after  his friend PETE O’NEAL whom is still in exile here in Tanzania, Geronimo shifted  to TANZANIA and worked with the UAACC to empower the community there in ARUSHA,Geronimo lived in ARUSHA for couple years till last year when he passed away….Geronimo died last year 2011 and in his will he didn’t want his body to be taken back in STATES so was burned in respect and his ashes scattered in Lake Victoria and Mountain Kilimanjaro, and George Kyomushula was selected by the elders  and close family and friends of Geronimo Ji Jagga to take the ashes of his friend and go scattered them in lake Victoria.

As a second phase volunteer George started to Volunteer as English Teacher of the UAACC ENGLISH CLASSES, he taught and taught for free which built em in good way of continue the spirit of helping peoples though he was seeking for help at the same place. Education program which UAACC host are FREE English classes, Computer Classes, and Music classes which one of the illiest Kenyan Music producer brother Akula Akwabi a.k.a DUNGA was one of the first MUSIC TEACHER, in details that nonprofit organization UAACC is well known in ARUSHA for promoting young folks to reach the road of success by believe on what they seeks and follow what their hearts tells them to go..UAACC promoted early HIP HOP MCS in Tanzania like X PLASTAZ, WATENGWA, CHINDO,JCB,ALWATAN KWERE,KALAMASHAKA member KAMAU of UKOO FLANI MAUMAU, and last couple years M1 of DEAD PREZ from US visited the center when they were working on a documentary known as NI WAKATI,.

Through that this dude started to see a light within his thoughts that one day he will reach where he want to go, few months later though he was still a volunteer he became the COORDINATOR of FREE EDUCATION PROGRAMS which are down by UAACC..he continue to web weave the hype network with different type of people especially from U.S  most of them are revolutionaries of back in the days when MARTIN LUTHER KING and MALCOM X fights for civil rights, This young man turned to be one of the most radical POET, and WRITER inspiration from his friend and elder sister MAMA CHARLOTTE HILL O’NEAL wife of PETE O’NEAL whom is also a POETESS, and artist with no boundaries, she taught him how to achieve many different things in life, yet she is the one whom turned GEORGE to be a poet,writer,photographer,percussion in her band, yet George was the teacher of different classes even physical education (Basket ball coacher of UAACC students team) George started to discover himself.
He is an activist which you can tell through his articles and his poems, he always talks about Malcom X and some socialism doctrines, he is down for changes and composes amazing quotes of himself  talking about PAN AFRICANISM, LIFE , STRUGGLES and different type of things which if you are lazy on thinking you will get bored..Lol… but I don’t, he teaches with example like cousin of Jesus.

Kiwalani poet and hip-hop artist P the mc of kiwalani

-A picture of himself when he was 24 is hanging on a wall of national Library of BOSTON UNIVERSITY in U.S.A as the best picture taken from Africa; picture was taken by one of the American student whom was a student of photograph.

-He abandoned the admission from UNIVERSITY OF DAR ES SALAAM which he applied to go study certificate of Law, why he did that? He doubted would score first class as he wished to do it so he can get a full government sponsorship.

-He never got busted though he operates his own company of supplying chicken meats in the hotels while it wasn’t registered in Tanzania Revenue Authority.

-He tried to do millions things to achieve success for 10 years and only one plan he did, it has got flying color this year after got a job in Dar es salaam.

-He has no enemy neither best friend though he does have friend.